When we take a gander at piping and pumping systems externally, we generally see the set up as a whole rather than looking at its many working components individually. But there’s that one part that plays an exceptionally crucial job. They are the valves. They act like tiny knobs regulating the progression of fluids as well as cutting off supply completely whenever required.
Industrial valves are of varied types, with each based on a different working principle and performing a different function. Right here, we’ve discussed the 9 most common types of industrial valves.
1. Ball valves – It is a hollowed out ball-shaped disk that is fitted inside a line. The valve starts and stops stream by the quarter turn rotational motion of this disk. When the valve is open the hollowed end is aligned in the direction of the stream and closed it sits perpendicular to the direction of the stream.
2. Attachment valves – Also called chicken valve, it uses a cylindrical or tapered fitting with a bored passage to obstruct, start or throttle stream. Turning the handle or wheel, arranges the empty opening of the fitting with the inlet and outlet ports opening the passage. It is hindered, when the solid part aligns itself with ports.
3. Butterfly valves – It’s yet another valve that uses the rotational motion; ball and fitting valves work in the same way. It only uses a thin-disk van hàn quốc in the stream path instead of a ball-shaped unit or a cylindrical attachment. They are speedy to use, extremely lightweight and easily adaptable.
4. Gate valves – This is the type of valve used in a tap. Opening and closing the valve involves raising and lowering metal gates respectively. A wedge is inserted into a seat. With gate valves, the passageway can either be completely closed or completely open; there is no in between. They are also called sluice valves.
5. Globe valves – It is similar to a gate valve in that it uses linear motion to throttle stream. It differs in its use of a disk instead of a wedge. It can also be adjusted to lower or increase stream; the advantage of a globe valve is that it does not leak as much as other valves. They are also among the most popular type of valves used across various applications.
6. Pinch valves – The construction features a pinching mechanism and a sleeve of shaped elastic or synthetic material. The stream path in the vacant position is unobstructed. The stream is cut off by pinching the adaptable membrane, by lowering a bar or gate.
7. Diaphragm valves – They work similar to pinch valves; an adaptable diaphragm is inserted such that it fastens itself to the seat blocking the stream. Its advantage over pinch valves is that it creates an extremely tight seal and consequently is used in applications that have a high purity requirement.
8. Relief and Safety valves – As fluids pass through the system, there is a possibility of an unprecedented increase in pressure, which if unchecked could demonstrate hazardous. This applies especially in case you are dealing with hazardous fluids. Relief and safety vales release pressure periodically, whenever it goes beyond the set point, to prevent damage.
9. Check valves – Check valves allow for unidirectional progression of fluids; they do not allow it to stream back. The non-slam nozzle check valves check pressure surge and prevent water hammer.